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Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Burleson, Christopher L.; Terrian, Jerry I.; Rorick, Jerremy T.
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The Defense Travel System (DTS) was established with the intent of streamlining the Department of Defense’s (DoD) travel claims and reimbursement process for users. The DTS has fallen short of expectations, far exceeds budgetary estimates, and perpetuates a culture of rigid rules and cumbersome administrative processes that burden the warfighter. The research presented here outlines the background and current process of the DTS, and examines leading process improvement techniques including...
Topics: Defense Travel System, DTS, Lean Six Sigma
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Ryan, Casey T.
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This thesis examines multiple theories for why law enforcement officers misuse force. It explores decision-making theory that has been used to describe how officers make rapid decisions under stress. Biases can affect an officer’s ability or propensity to use force. Recognition Primed Decision addresses how over-emphasis on using force during training can prime officers to rely on force in the streets. Such other factors as the warrior mentality (versus the guardian mentality) that are...
Topics: law enforcement, conflict management training, crisis management, nonlethal weapons, use of force,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Foote, Colin J.
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Digital repression of political speech gained prominence during the Arab Spring when governments acknowledged the power of networked collective action. The shutdown strategies that proliferated from the Arab Spring expanded around the globe. Now, almost a decade later, India leads the world in government-mandated digital repression. The rapid expansion of the internet and mobile penetration, combined with long-standing civil unrest, created a volatile issue within India. The use of strategic...
Topics: digital repression, violence, India, internet, cyber, social media, civil unrest, civil resistance,...
This MBA project report focuses on the development of a spreadsheet model of a finite population queue to replicate the Armored Brigade Combat Team (ABCT) equipment modernization process. The purpose of this report is to assess the sensitivity of several key determinants of equipment modernization cycle time for policy recommendations. This analysis utilized a published spreadsheet formulation of a finite population, multi-server machine interference problem as the basis for the design of the...
Topics: ABCT, multi-server queue, spreadsheet model, machine interference problem, finite population,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Dark networks can be defined as illegal and covert social networks. Terrorist groups are an excellent example of a dark network. Decision makers have two basic options to disrupt dark networks. The first option is kinetic targeting, which entails finding the target and capturing or eliminating him or her. The second is non-kinetic targeting, which involves finding, tracking, and monitoring key actors, psychological operations, information operations, rehabilitation and reintegration, and...
Topics: dark networks, social network analysis, information operations, influence operations
For the past 17 years, United States Special Forces (USSF) has been decisively engaged in the Global War on Terror. Due to the deployment cycle and training requirements focused on deployments in the Middle East, many valuable skillsets, including the ability to fight, maneuver, and survive in extreme cold weather environments has atrophied across the force. In a majority of USSF units, extreme cold weather training is synonymous with high altitude and mountaineering training. Some teams and...
Topics: cold weather, winter, warfare, Special Forces, mountaineering
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Jamison, Laura E.
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The purpose of this research is to examine how the six Texas Anti-Gang (TAG) task forces measure performance and other goal-setting mechanisms to counter the threat posed by gangs and determine ways measures and mechanisms can be improved. Using research from journals, U.S. government reports, and open sources, this thesis uses a policy analysis to examine TAG documents, policies, and processes and compare these with benefits and challenges from other gang task forces. The thesis identifies...
Topics: gangs, task forces, anti-gang, Texas, objectives, key results, crime, performance measurement
In 2017, Army Contracting Command – Aberdeen Proving Ground (ACC-APG) surveyed the organizational climate of its 12 contracting divisions and found areas in need of improvement. This research seeks to identify if ACC-APG leadership can improve organizational climate by altering workload levels. To do this, this research assessed whether a relationship exists between the Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute (DEOMI) 2017 ACC-APG organizational climate survey results and ACC-APG’s...
Topics: organizational climate, correlation, workload, Army Contracting Command, Aberdeen Proving Ground,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Stewart, Joshua J.
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A fundamental skill that must be developed by all Surface Warfare Officers (SWOs) is shiphandling. Currently, the only ways for a junior SWO to practice shiphandling are through the Conning Officer Virtual Environment (COVE) training system at Basic Division Officers Course (BDOC), the Navigation, Seamanship, and Ship-Handling (NSS) trainers at fleet concentration areas, and driving their actual ship. In order to increase opportunities to practice this critical skill, this thesis investigated...
Topics: training, surface, surface warfare, shiphandling, ship handling, mobile, mobile device, mobile...
The U.S. military does not possess the technological superiority gap it once enjoyed in the past. Thus, the problem this paper will address is how to improve the combat effectiveness of the U.S. Army, asking whether it is properly organized and equipped to survive in a future near-peer conflict environment. Given that the infantry rifle squad is the basic building block of the Army, infantry squad organization is the focus of this study. This paper argues that given the characteristics of the...
Topics: infantry rifle squad, combat effectiveness, future operating environment, control, lethality,...
This thesis studies the performance of a machine-learning-based DTN routing protocol, QGeo. QGeo is based on the reinforcement learning model called Q-learning whereby an agent in some context takes an action, gains a reward and adapts its decision-making policy based on the reward’s value. QGeo is implemented in the ns-3 simulator, and the implementation in this work is based on the previously implemented GAPR protocols. QGeo is then tested in ns-3 alongside GAPR, GAPR2 and GAPR2a, as well...
Topics: disruption tolerant networking, DTN, machine learning, ML, artificial intelligence, AI, routing...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The Department of Defense (DoD) is responsible for over 70% of all federal government-reported assets. As of fiscal year 2017—as reported by the Government Accountability Office in a document titled The Navy Needs to Improve Internal Control over its Buildings—the DoD reported on its financial statements over 562,000 facilities and 24.9 million acres around the world, with a plant replacement value (PRV) of $880 billion. The DoD cannot demonstrate that the information is accurate and...
Topics: Facility Sustainment Model, FSM, internet Navy Facilities Assets Data Store, iNFADS, Financial...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Marine Corps occupational monitors currently make human resource relocation decisions without the capability to systematically compare the costs of alternative assignments. A primary weakness of current practice is a lack of communication between the assignment process and the financial systems administering permanent change of station (PCS) costs amounts. This thesis presents a systematic cost estimation and comparison tool to facilitate managerial decisions relevant to PCS assignments. To...
Topics: optimize, optimization model, permanent change of station, PCS, personnel assignments, Marine...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Schoultz, Bradley V.
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How can special operations forces balance present-day readiness with the requirement to stay ahead of potential revolutionary changes in the operating environment? This question presents a challenge to any organization—military or otherwise—that seeks to sustain a competitive advantage over time. The challenges of tomorrow are different from those of today, and organizations in changing environments must deal with the often-competing requirements for present and future success. Within the...
Topics: special operations, organizational theory, change
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Gorgas, Marvin Jr.; Nelson, Matthew D.; Rader, Stacy
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An all-volunteer force, the U.S. military faces a decreasing eligible recruitment population due to declining health, declining education, and increasing criminal history. This thesis examines one aspect that currently affects sufficient force capacity for the Army: the increasing number of individuals with an ADHD diagnosis. Currently, in the United States under DoD policy, individuals with an ADHD diagnosis can, in some cases, serve their country, but just as long as they have not leveraged...
Topics: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, ADHD, neurodiversity, force capacity, diversity
Stroke certification is a voluntary program undertaken by hospitals. This thesis examines the expansion of stroke-certified hospitals between 2008 and 2017, and whether growth of stroke centers is concentrated in wealthier and urban communities. It further examines whether there are differences between early and late adopters of stroke certification. The data comprises of hospital characteristics of 4,584 hospitals and the population characteristics of the Hospital Service Area (HSA) each...
Topics: stroke care, stroke care access, stroke certification program
Naval Postgraduate School
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Child soldiering has become common in Africa. This was not always the case; many African cultures had traditions that prevented children from taking part in combat until physically mature enough to do so. Neither was child soldiering common during colonial occupation of Africa. Starting after independence from colonial powers, however, African children have either chosen to fight in armed forces groups or have been forced to fight by state and by rebel entities. What has led to the rise of...
Topics: child soldiers, Sub-Saharan Africa, rebel, terrorism, Cold War, independence, Mozambique, Mau Mau,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The U.S. ferry system is one of the few remaining transportation sectors that has not been hardened for a mass-casualty attack, and the unrestricted ability of passengers to carry firearms onto vessels could enable a lone actor or group to perpetrate an active-shooter event while at sea. The proactive security measures and strategies developed by the government agencies responsible for maritime security are insufficient—inadequate even in responding to an active shooter—and might result in...
Topics: active shooter, maritime, vessel security, active shooter practical exercise, mass casualty,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) is at a decisional crossroads regarding body-worn camera implementation. Although the technology has gained widespread acceptance in the law enforcement community, there is a tremendous amount of conflicting information surrounding its efficacy. Neither the academic, nor civil liberty, nor law enforcement communities have examined the effectiveness of body-worn cameras in isolation or attempted to determine whether other police reforms accomplish the...
Topics: body-worn cameras, complaints, Customs and Border Protection, law enforcement, police, police...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Will, Lucas E.; Schuety, Clayton W.
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Deploying multiple autonomous systems that coordinate as a cohesive swarm on the battlefield is no longer science fiction. As new technologies disrupt the character of war, the American military is investing in algorithms to allow its drone forces to conduct swarm tactics across all domains. However, the current frameworks in development for conducting drone swarm tactics are reliant on centralized control. These frameworks limit the speed and flexibility of the swarm by placing an overreliance...
Topics: autonomous system, swarm, wargame, machine learning, artificial intelligence, training,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Coleman, Dustin T.; Grimes, Jacob M.; Laryea, Macdonald
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Demand signals across the Navy’s NIMITZ Class Carrier (CVN) Aircraft Launch and Recovery Equipment (ALRE) market-basket are highly erratic and do not fit neatly into the traditional demand-based sparing construct. This causes the Naval Supply Systems Command Weapons Systems Support (NAVSUP WSS) planning efforts to continually lag behind requirements, with material often arriving late-to-need. This project attempts to develop a comprehensive and more reliable ALRE material requirement forecast...
Topics: CVN Aircraft Launch and Recovery Equipment (ALRE), interim supply support (ISS), demand...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Hollingsworth, Christopher L.; Sider, Joshua
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This study argues that principal-agent theory provides a unique perspective on the relationship between the Afghan Taliban and the Pakistani state. This perspective assists in developing strategies to reduce, disrupt, or eliminate the support that the Taliban receive from Pakistan. Furthermore, the framework of this study can be applied to other state-sponsored terrorist groups, insurgencies, and proxies.
Topics: Afghanistan, Taliban, Pakistan, inter-services intelligence, principal-agent
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Doyle, David T.; Horowitz, Jason P.
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The Coastal Riverine Force currently has 12 Mark VI patrol boats in its inventory. The operational tempo for the Mark VI is demanding, with an expected operational availability of 300 days a year. Despite two annual Continuous Maintenance Availability periods for each vessel, the Coastal Riverine Force is experiencing readiness shortfalls during deployments due to a lack of replacement material, prompting the analysis of the Mark VI patrol boat deployment supply chain. This research reviews...
Topics: Navy Expeditionary Combatant Command, Mark VI patrol boat, demand, supply, Coastal Riverine Force,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The problem of violent extremism in the United States is complex and, now more than ever, it is politically charged. This thesis critically analyzes countering violent extremism (CVE) efforts in the United States since 2011 to reveal a number of adverse, unintended consequences stemming from policy and programming. Using open-source research, the thesis also establishes a dataset to describe federal CVE efforts, which is evaluated through a sociopsychological lens to determine the impact of the...
Topics: countering violent extremism, CVE, counterterrorism strategy, counterterrorism, radicalization,...
The U.S. Navy is restructuring its fleet architecture. Assessments undertaken as part of the restructuring process revealed a lack of construction sites to support increasing fleet size. As such, the Navy is exploring the feasibility of using unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) platforms to supplement the fleet. Current UUVs provide minimal surveillance and mine detection capabilities; one solution is adding offensive and enhanced detection capabilities to UUV platforms. This study utilized a...
Topics: JTLS-GO, future capability, UUV, unmanned underwater vehicle, unmanned vehicle, unmanned systems,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The evolution of domestic disaster response within the United States has created a dissonance between the capabilities of response resources and public expectations. Resource shortages in a catastrophe will compel decision-makers in disaster response organizations at all levels of government to make difficult choices. Given America’s social contract, the ethical foundation for these choices should be common and consistent between the various actors. This research provides a primer on the...
Topics: ethics, disaster response, logistics, emergency management, allocation, social contract, economics,...
The Department of Defense activated U.S. Special Operations Command (SOCOM) in 1987, but the Marine Corps did not become a full partner until 2006. This study explores why. The activation of U.S. Marine Corps Forces Special Operations Command (MARSOC) demonstrates the limitations of a senior civilian to prompt change in a military organization, especially after his perceived indecision encourages additional resistance. Culture matters. The Marine Corps adopted an \"acknowledge and...
Topics: Special Operations, SOF, special operations forces, MARSOC, Det One, MCSOCOM Detachment, MEU(SOC),...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Gottfried, Brian F.
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The ANSYS Mechanical program was used to model a simple structure representing shipboard equipment. A modal analysis and DDAM application were performed to determine the resulting displacements in the different modes of the systems. These displacements were then applied to the system in order to determine whether the combined modal displacements caused the critical component, represented by two thin beams, to make contact. If so, the system will have a predicted failure. The results were then...
Topics: DDAM, LFT&E, modal analysis, shock trials, shock trial qualification, shock design, Dynamic...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Ejaz, Atif
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The Saudi–Iranian rivalry forms one of the most important components of the security dynamics of the Middle East. The rivalry has intensified with each country toiling to undermine the other. This dynamic directly affects the prevailing fragile security situation of the Middle East. Although their competition appears to be an ideological one, geo-political motives primarily drive this rivalry. Both countries use religion as an instrument to influence populations across the region. Saudi...
Topic: Saudi-Iranian rivalry
Naval Postgraduate School
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Online communities have quickly gained prominence as a common use tool within enterprise workplace communities, including the Department of the Navy. Web 2.0 technologies have allowed social interactions to take place in virtually every aspect of our personal and professional lives. Despite the ubiquitous nature of social media use, research is limited that investigates the various aspects of healthy online interactions in the workplace. Drawing on the outcomes of an in-depth systematic...
Topics: healthy online communities, online workplace communities, destructive behavior, constructive...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Reffitt, Matthew
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Model simulations using an ocean circulation model (ADCIRC) coupled with a wave model (STWAVE) are compared to observations made in the shallow, two-inlet tidal system Katama Bay during Hurricane Irene. Integrating high-resolution grids of this system with the North Atlantic Coast Comprehensive Study (NACCS) performed by the United States Army Corps of Engineers enabled a study of the effect on storm surge modeling accuracy of boundary condition representation of ephemeral inlets and wave model...
Topics: storm surge, coupled modeling, ADCIRC, STWAVE
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis explores how the Sri Lanka Navy (SLN) can effectively face its maritime security challenges by utilizing available resources and establishing a maritime strategy to ensure peace and stability in the Indian Ocean Region (IOR). Specifically, the analysis examines security concerns in the IOR, the extra-regional power rivalry between India and China, why sea lines of communication need protection, initiatives to improve maritime security, and why maritime cooperation is important to...
Topics: maritime security, Indian Ocean Region, traditional security threats, non-traditional security...
The Air Force has found itself expanding contracted services at the installation level due to a decrease in manpower across several specialties. These additional requirements demand surveillance, but also bring into light the effectiveness of contracting officer representatives (COR) when dealing with complex services. The intent of this project is to analyze whether the COR experience, training, and surveillance frequency have an impact on contractor performance. This analysis includes a...
Topics: quality assurance, contracting officer representative, COR, CPARS, contract management, services
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Barajas, Eduardo
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Mexicans only protest water privatization when they feel they are getting a bad deal on issues, such as poor water service, poor water quality, or unaffordable water price. In general, protesters blame privatization when they do not get what they pay for. Issues subsumed under water privatization and the threat to increase privatization are the most significant causal factors of water-related protests in Mexico. Protesters associate bad water service, poor water quality, and unaffordable water...
Topics: water privatization, Mexico, protests, Chile, Bolivia, Aguascalientes, Mexico City, state capacity,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This study explores the role of Finnish Special Operations Forces (FINSOF) in the northern Europe’s changing security environment by examining ways that FINSOF can become flexible enough to face rising hybrid threats from Russia. In order to become Finland’s strategic-level first response force against hybrid threats, both at home and abroad, FINSOF will require some integration and reshaping of its structures and tasks. Using three scenarios situated in the Baltic Sea area, this study...
Topics: Special operations, Finnish special operations forces, FINSOF, Finland, the Baltic Sea, northern...
In order to better understand how a program manager creates situational awareness and understanding in chaotic program environments, this project focuses on how a program manager gains insight in the decision-making process. The non-linearity of events in which human decision-making is predicated is chaotic and may have certain similarities and patterns that can be studied with regard to their association with the individual(s) involved in the decision-making process. If we better understood...
Topics: decision-making, decision-velocity, leadership, acquisition, program management, program manager,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Nakazono, Garett H.; Dobyns, Matthew M.; Kroll, Philip R.
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This thesis researches the United States’ approach to the illicit networks in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and, using social network analysis, illuminates characteristics of several networks, thereby providing the U.S. government with options to exert influence over the DPRK regime. As the situation on the Korean Peninsula continues to evolve, it is paramount to look for new approaches that support a peaceful diplomatic resolution or create an advantage over current...
Topics: Democratic People's Republic of Korea, DPRK, North Korea, illicit networks, social network...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Donahue, James R.; Duong, Thien N.; Ameh, Friday E.
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Department of Defense (DoD) program managers’ ability to make effective decisions is critical to a program’s performance. This qualitative study of two DoD program managers shed light into their decision-making processes in complex and chaotic programmatic environments. Additionally, this study specifically focuses on four aggregate categories—leadership, attitude, bureaucracy, and reputation. These categories have profound influences on the program manager’s ability to process...
Topics: program managers, complex and chaotic program environments, qualitative study
Naval Postgraduate School
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The DoD is investing in autonomy, AI, and machine learning. Deep learning, a sub-field of machine learning is increasing due to newer and cheaper hardware, new algorithms, and big data. Deep learning uses a neural network with multiple weighted layers designed to learn hierarchical feature representations. This research uses the technique of transfer learning, which takes the well-constructed architecture of a source model and retrains it to a target data set—in this case, different coastal...
Topics: machine learning, neural networks, coastal landscape, coastal imagery, remote sensing, data...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Bandy, Daniel W.; Mitchell, Eric A.; Goldan, Aaron L.; Parsons, Jay D.
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This project builds upon the NPS Advanced Digital Adviser Partnering Technologies (ADAPT) project, formerly known as the Remote Advise and Assist (RAA) kit. The RAA kit was developed to fill the policy gap that prohibited U.S. forces from accompanying partner forces. ADAPT expands the RAA technology beyond the Direct-Action mission set to all potential mission types. The NPS research team proposes the development of JOCTAK, a unified TAK solution that can aggregate and display critical relevant...
Topics: Advanced Digital Advisor Partnering Technologies, Joint Operations Center Tactical Assault Kit,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The intriguing discovery that all living systems continuously emit endogenous, ultraweak photons has inspired numerous researchers to consider the information-bearing potential of biological photons as carriers of inter- and intracellular communication. In 1923, Alexander Gurwitsch first observed that a \"morphogenetic field\" in the form of ultraviolet light was involved in the regulation of plant cellular division. Over the last half century, the development of increasingly more...
Topics: biophotons, ultraweak photon emission, UPE, plant signaling, wound-induced photon emission
Naval Postgraduate School
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Compensation systems, including cash payments and benefits, play an essential role in recruiting and retaining talents in both the private and public sectors; we argue that due to the complexity of the benefits systems, as well as a lack of communication, many military service members are not aware of the overall worth of their pay, allowances, benefits, and tax breaks. In several instances, military benefits are often much greater than those of civilian counterparts, yet many service members...
Topics: retention, communication, benefits, nudging, incentives, allotments, benefits comparative...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Figueroa, Lisa M.
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A gap exists between the federal government and the 567 tribal nations, which hampers tribal inclusion in homeland security. American Indian and Alaskan Native lands comprise 100 million acres of land within the territory of the United States, with 250 miles of borderlands—potentially a formidable rift in the nation’s homeland security. According to its mission statement, the United States homeland security enterprise necessarily assumes tribal participation, cooperation, and communication...
Topics: American Indian, tribal, preparedness, homeland security, consultation, Stafford Act
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Folster, Austin D.; Sawko, Ryan; Eggers, David C.
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This project will give Department of Defense (DoD) procurement and area planners an assessment on the availability of energy within the U.S. Indo-Pacific Command (INDOPACOM) area of responsibility (AOR). The assessment will help make future decisions on sourcing energy purchases and may be expanded on with assumptions for risk potentials within the energy supply chain. This project includes market research on refined oil shipping and Military Sealift Command's capacity to move fuel to the...
Topics: energy, INDOPACOM, supply chain, markets, refined oil shipping, operational logistics
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Kocis, Nathalie C.; Sonntag, Kimberly J.
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Since the all-volunteer force began, the number of dual-service marriages has risen. Retention of diverse, skilled personnel is critical to national security. This study examines retention rates of Navy and Marine Corps officers by focusing on marital status and identifies themes in dual-service experiences to explain retention behavior. Quantitative multivariate data analysis of 27,126 officers commissioned from 1998 to 2003 is used to identify factors such as marital status, gender, race, and...
Topics: human resources, Navy officers, Marine Corps officers, manpower, personnel, retention, dual...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Wagner, Zachary A.
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This thesis investigates the feasibility of using Costas frequency shift transmission waveforms to generate spotlight Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images. A spotlight SAR image formation algorithm is used to evaluate the radar returns from scenes containing multiple point scatterers. Two-dimensional imagery is used to investigate the sidelobe effects. The peak sidelobe ratio (in dB) is determined from the one-dimensional slices in both the down-range and cross-range dimensions. Three unique...
Topics: synthetic aperture radar, peak side lobe level, Costas sequence, frequency hopping, range sidelobes
Naval Postgraduate School
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Reactive metals (RM) are composites that can augment the lethality of a warhead via the addition of metal combustion. The possibility of producing a viable 3D-printed aluminum RM is considered in this work. Gas-atomized Al powder was used in a binder jet printer to produce green bodies for testing; the porosity of the as-printed materials is on the order of 47%. Sintering of pure Al parts showed little improvement in material density or survivability. Techniques known in the literature to...
Topics: reactive materials, additive manufacturing, 3D printing, aluminum, polymer infusion, polymer,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This study examines the personal experiences and perceptions of 30 active-duty female naval officers who have used or considered using fertility assistance. Through in-depth interviews and thematic analysis, I document and examine: 1) the experiences of active-duty female naval officers with fertility assistance treatments in the context of their naval careers; 2) how these experiences affected the officers personally, financially, and professionally; and 3) how military service contributed to...
Topics: fertility assistance, assisted reproductive treatment, in vitro fertilization, IVF, embryo...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Hopchak, Matthew S.
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This research evaluates potential auction algorithm approaches to a multi-robot area search problem and uses the Naval Postgraduate School Advanced Robotic System Engineering Laboratory’s multi-UAV system to implement, test, and evaluate selected exemplars. Ultimately, for multi-robot systems to achieve useful objectives autonomously, they need to reliably analyze objectives and assign supporting tasks to individual vehicles. The market-based approaches analyzed in this research provide an...
Topics: robotics, autonomous systems, auction, ARSENL, swarm, autonomous, multi-robot systems, area search
Determining preparedness across the United States’ homeland security enterprise (HSE) is a complex task because the nation’s overall disaster management capability is an aggregation of the independently developed capabilities of local and state agencies. In 2012, FEMA promulgated a six-step capabilities-based planning (CBP) framework, the Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (THIRA), to standardize how states and major cities assess preparedness. CBP is a non-linear planning...
Topics: capabilities-based planning, THIRA, PPD-8, special events, mass gatherings
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis investigates the integration of unmanned surface vehicles into the order of battle for Distributed Maritime Operations. The purpose is to design a cost effective and operationally effective unmanned system of systems capable of contributing the DMO concept in the 2030–2035 timeframe. This thesis determines the mission set and combination of USVs that is both operationally impactful and cost effective in the conventional carrier strike group, expeditionary strike group and/or...
Topics: unmanned surface vessels, Distributed Maritime Operations
Naval Postgraduate School
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The world depends on the Suez Canal for ocean trade, and the United States maintains a presence in the Red Sea region to ensure open waters around the Cape of Hope. During Yemen's ongoing civil war, the Houthi movement has targeted the Saudi Arabia-led coalition, including U.S. Navy ships. This thesis explores whether the threat to the U.S. Navy and partners has increased and whether, as a result, CENTCOM's strategy needs to change to protect U.S. interests. The thesis examines U.S. grand...
Topics: Yemen, maritime insurgency, terrorism, Saudi Arabia, coalition forces, Iran, Iran-proxy,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Jackson, John R.
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The research effort designed a training and operational system in support of damage control (DC) training, procedure familiarization, and shipboard emergency response teams. The system was aimed to use commercial off-the-shelf systems (both hardware and software) to create an affordable, lightweight, mobile training system focused on filling the gap identified in DC training team (DCTT) deficiencies. It utilized a virtual environment (VE) training system as well as investigated the feasibility...
Topics: virtual environment, VE, damage control, military training, simulations, shipboard familiarization
Naval Postgraduate School
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Many of the fighters who traveled from their home states in Africa and Europe have begun to return as the Islamic State (IS) has lost control over much of the territory it seized in Iraq and Syria. These returnees are not only fighters; they are also family members or individuals who supported the organization indirectly. As estimated by Richard Barrett in Beyond the Caliphate, a minimum of 5,600 individuals have returned home to 33 countries around the world as of October 2017. Some of them...
Topics: Syria, Iraq, ISIS, IS, Libya, Tunisia, foreign fighter, Ennahda
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Drago Alfaro, Alejandro
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Andre-Marie Ampère and Hermann Grassmann each proved the existence of transversal forces in electrodynamics. Nevertheless, even if they coincided on assuming the presence of forces perpendicular to the direction of current flow, only Ampère predicted also a longitudinal component of force. This fundamental disagreement has resulted in a long-lived discussion among many. The purpose of this thesis is to identify the experiments that account for or against the existence of the longitudinal...
Topics: Ampère 's force law, Grassmann's force law, conductors, longitudinal forces
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Cleven, Jan-Daniel
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Traditional classroom instruction provides all students with the same topics, at the same time, at the same speed. However, personalized learning systems that take into account students’ individual interests, skills, and preferences have been shown to be more effective. Our goal is to develop an adaptive teaching-learning method for enhanced and personalized education, which we call Curated Heuristic Using a Network of Knowledge for Continuum of Learning (CHUNK Learning). CHUNK Learning will...
Topics: personalized adaptive learning, network modeling, network analysis, modular learning, network of...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Kincade, Tiffany
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This thesis evaluates the evolving obstacles to the development of a European Union (EU) nuclear deterrent. Some EU officials, prominent analysts, and political leaders in EU nations have expressed interest in exploring such a capability. The incentives for pursuing an EU nuclear deterrent include (1) increased tensions with nuclear-armed powers in Eurasia, especially Russia, China, and North Korea; (2) the perceived decline in U.S. political credibility in Europe; and (3) the EU’s...
Topics: nuclear deterrence, European Union, EU, Brexit, President Donald Trump, Germany nuclear, nuclear,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Airfield Damage Repair (ADR) is among the most important expeditionary activities for our military. The goal of ADR is to restore a damaged airfield to operational status as quickly as possible. Before the process of ADR can begin, however, the damage to the airfield needs to be assessed. As a result, Airfield Damage Assessment (ADA) has received considerable attention. Often in a damaged airfield, there is an expectation of unexploded ordnance, which makes ADA a slow, difficult, and dangerous...
Topics: airfield damage assessment, airfield damage repair, 3D point cloud, image stitching, neural...
Naval Postgraduate School
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This study examines mentorship experienced by female Marine Corps officers and its influences on career decisions, with a particular focus on retention. The Marine Corps recently stated its desire to increase the percentage of female Marines from 8% to 10%. This new goal might be attained through a more robust recruiting strategy; however, if the number of female Marines who attrite upon their initial contract remains constant, the organization will face difficulties meeting this goal,...
Topics: female Marine Corps officer, retention, turnover, career decision, mentorship, mentoring, early...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Huntoon, Elizabeth E.
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The increasing complexity and contentiousness of the cyber domain require a well-educated Navy cyber force to defend its networks and key terrain. This demanding operational environment necessitates efficient and effective cybersecurity training and education, which can be maximized by leveraging newer methods and technologies. Cryptography is an essential element of cybersecurity, and is taught in the Naval Postgraduate School computer science curriculum through various methods, including a...
Topics: encryption, learning, testing, graphical user interface
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Hupfl, Kyleigh B.
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Since its inception in 2013, the Defense Health Agency has implemented several strategic initiatives aimed at controlling military healthcare expenditures, including considerable efforts toward reducing pharmaceutical costs. Despite the success of these initiatives at fixed military medical treatment facilities, where pharmacy officers lead the implementation and management of cost-saving strategies, the military services have not made a concerted effort to expand these initiatives to their...
Topics: pharmaceutical inventory, medication, operational medicine, inventory management, pharmacy
Naval Postgraduate School
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The use of decentralized virtual currencies (DVCs) by terrorist organizations (TOs) on a significant scale could present unique challenges for regulators, policy makers, and law enforcement because they offer the potential for an illicit funding network that can be very difficult to disrupt or even detect. However, the body of existing research regarding the threat of terrorists' use of DVCs has determined that though it has become the payment method of choice for cybercriminals and many...
Topics: virtual currency, cryptocurrency, cross-border payment systems, money laundering, terror finance,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Fernando, P. Suresh Noel
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Less than a decade since the end of Sri Lanka's grueling civil war in 2009, the country may once again find itself threatened by communal violence. Sri Lanka’s Muslim minority population is mobilizing around Islamist politics. Conversely, Buddhist Nationalists, inspired by instrumental politicians and the perceived threat of Islamization, are mobilizing against the Muslim population. This thesis asks: how and why is Islamism growing among the Muslim minority population of Sri Lanka? This...
Topics: Radicalization, Islamism, Islamist, Buddhist Nationalism, Islamization
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Christianson, Britta W.; Sonnichsen, Vanessa K.; Sirkin, Sarah S.
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The U.S. Sixth Fleet conducts numerous multinational maritime operations, during which the involved U.S. naval vessels host a multitude of key leader engagements, costing $221,000 during FY2018. These events are financed by Official Representation Funds (ORF) and, when hosted by smaller naval ships, are particularly vulnerable to requiring rental equipment due to their lack of storage onboard. Of interest is to explore whether the ownership of this equipment is more cost effective than renting...
Topics: official representation funds, process flow analysis, descriptive statistics, statistical...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Kotei, Daniel A.
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Pure aluminum metal manufactured using Cold Isostatic Press (CIP) bears the properties of Structural Reactive Material (SRM) and has the capacity to increase lethality due to the continuous combustion of the fragments after explosion. This thesis focuses on the enhanced lethality and reactivity produced by replacing conventional warhead casings with SRM aluminum manufactured using CIP. Pure Al SRM is totally unclassified and can be studied by academic groups, other NATO countries, and so on to...
Topics: Reactive materials, fragmentation, ballistic properties, combustion, lethality
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Perkins, Alexander M.
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Americans were largely surprised when the intelligence community revealed that Russia had launched a widespread influence operation focused on the 2016 U.S. presidential election. With their high-tech, social-media focus, these practices struck many as a newly implemented tactic against the United States. However, throughout the Cold War, the Soviet Union developed and deployed influence operations—then called \"active measures\"—against the United States and its allies. During...
Topics: Russia, Soviet Union, active measures, United States, countermeasures, influence operations, and...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Baral, Bhumi Bhakta
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Despite the participation of women in the armed forces for many decades, resistance to integrating women fully into the armed forces still exists. Women have contributed in combat previously, but they have been released and assigned traditional roles after the end of conflicts. Despite the record of women’s valuable service, doubt about women’s integration in the armed forces continues, and the participation of women in various countries’ armed forces differs both in numbers and roles. In...
Topics: integration, participation, equality, effectiveness, readiness, occupations
Naval Postgraduate School
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The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has ruled India since 2014. After assuming power, the BJP attempted to implement its Hindu nationalist agenda and targeted minorities, trying to push India from liberal, secular democracy toward majoritarian, ethnic democracy. Efforts by India’s civil society, including the media and judiciary, to resist the BJP’s agenda have been met with legal retribution and violence. However, it remains unclear what BJP’s domination of India’s national parliament...
Topics: Hindu nationalist extremism, undermining democratic institutions
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Sadoun, Andrew A.
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This thesis explores how Military Information Support Operations (MISO) organizations can leverage social networks to influence foreign target audiences. The paper acknowledges that some organizations and industries external to the defense community, like non-state actors and large businesses, routinely use social networks to project influence within certain population segments. The thesis uses four case studies to examine how non-state actors and business marketers leverage social networks to...
Topics: MISO, PSYOP, social networks, social network analysis, Coca-Cola, Pepsi, Coke, information...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Bihl, Timothy D.
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In this thesis, we evaluate a means of determining whether or not a network host is a virtual machine from the perspective of a network administrator using software-defined networking infrastructure. Virtualization presents a user with a desktop and computing environment identical to what is normally expected while also permitting them to be unwittingly controlled from outside the desktop environment. The added complexity of virtual environments causes extra computing delays, which may be...
Topics: SDN, virtualization, virtual machine
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis examines one central issue: How has the U.S. Army improved security force assistance (SFA) design with the implementation of the SFA Brigade (SFAB)? Secondarily, it investigates whether failures at the strategic policy level inhibited the accomplishment of enduring security objectives related to the establishment of the new unit. To address this question, the thesis will briefly describe concepts of U.S. strategic thought that underlie the policy consensus to conduct SFA activities...
Topics: U.S. Army, security sector assistance, security cooperation, security assistance, security force...
Naval Postgraduate School
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The U.S. Department of Defense has implemented an initiative to become more energy efficient across all services. The Naval Postgraduate School supported development toward this goal by studying the possibility of energy generation using waste heat recovery within shipboard engine exhaust. This research included the development of a heat exchanger ultimately to use compressed CO2 as the working fluid to run a Brayton cycle. In support of this research, this thesis details the baselining and...
Topics: heat exchanger, CFD, CFX, T-63 installation, helical coil heat exchanger, waste heat recovery,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Tubbs, Christian D.
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This thesis provides readers an in-depth analysis of the alleged existence of democratic erosion in the United States using Peru, Hungary, and pre–World War II Germany as case studies to show historical examples of the phenomenon. Using Mayring’s qualitative analytical model, this thesis finds that these three countries demonstrated conditions that became tipping points toward erosion as a result of the consolidation of power by their leaders. While the analysis finds the precursors of...
Topics: democratic erosion, constitutional crisis, consolidation of power, separation of powers, democracy,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Crain, Michael H.; Selph, Gregory R.; Anderson, Andrew
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The rise in the popularity of social media platforms along with the increased global access to communication technologies presents a unique opportunity to study the interaction between violence and the sentiment of social media users. With the availability of vast amounts of open-source data, through mediums such as Twitter, this study examines the effects of civil conflict between state and non-state actors on the sentiment of Twitter users in the countries of Nigeria, Pakistan, and the...
Topics: sentiment analysis, Twitter, violence, social media, social media analysis, megacities, Lagos,...
Naval Postgraduate School
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Foreign nationals admitted to the United States who remain beyond their period of admission present an enforcement problem for U.S. immigration agencies. These \"visa overstay\" cases present a vulnerability for the homeland security enterprise. U.S. immigration enforcement agencies need to identify, apprehend, and remove foreign nationals who have overstayed their visas to address this issue. Identification of these subjects can be through biographical or biometric means. Current...
Topics: biographical exit system, biometrics, biometric exit system, entry/exit system, ERO, fingerprints,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Battcock, Martin M.
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Due to countless political, economic, and social interactions between China and the United States since China’s opening to the West in 1971, their economies have been inextricably linked. However, recent fundamental disagreements over governance of the internet have led to a contentious relationship. Both China and the United States have political and economic interests in \"winning\" the internet governance debate. Today, due to the political, social, and economic dynamics inherent...
Topics: Saudi Arabia, China, P.R.C., United States, U.S., information and communications technology, ICT,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Scott, Chelsea R.; Watson, Benjamin C.
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To support Humanitarian Assistance Disaster Relief (HADR) operations, the U.S. military maintains agile logistics capabilities, transportation networks, and response forces across the globe. III Marine Expeditionary Force serves as the first responder to HADR events for U.S. Indo-Pacific Command, where planners must optimize the throughput of relief assets from aerial ports of embarkation to aerial ports of debarkation to reduce response penalties (i.e., loss of life and human suffering). Our...
Topics: KC-130s, aviation, logistics, transportation, C-17s, C-5s, HADR, III MEF, capacity planning tool,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Alsup, Katrina P.
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This thesis will explore the hopping mobility approach for robotic vehicles used in Intra-Vehicular Activities (IVA) as an alternative mobility in space for small spacecraft equipped with robotic manipulators. A hopping maneuver uses the robotic manipulator to hop between two locations inside the host spacecraft. The maneuver is defined as three distinct phases: push, free-flying coast, and soft landing. Maneuvers such as hopping will be used to quickly move from one part of the host spacecraft...
Topics: rendezvous, relative motion, proximity missions, formation flying, robotics, spacecraft, mobility...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Hosgor, Emre Caglar
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Although information technology has improved our living standards, it has also provided criminals new ways to commit crime. Digital crime includes identity theft, online piracy, hacking, and terrorism. For combating digital crime, new techniques and tools emerge frequently in digital forensics. On the opposite side, cyber-criminals develop counter-techniques called anti-forensics, which aim to disrupt or manipulate forensic analysis of crime. This thesis investigated the effectiveness of some...
Topics: computer forensics, anti-forensics, computer forensic tools
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Schnaak, David N.; Thompson, Robert B., Jr.
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Professional leaders across all industries, including the Army, seek to create teams that not only work well together, but are also highly successful. As the Army continues to structure its teams using an archaic and rudimentary system that relies heavily on intuition, the civilian sector has found great success by leveraging matchmaking technology to assist in team development. In continuation of previous research, our work discusses the current state of the Army's talent management system and...
Topics: talent management, team building, matchmaking, algorithms, intuition, decision-making
The government's unclassified terror watchlist, the Terrorist Screening Database (TSDB), has grown dramatically, stressing government screening and counterterrorism resources. The TSDB has been criticized for lacking independent oversight and transparency in its operations, which has led some to allege it is discriminatory toward minority communities. How should the TSDB be improved to improve transparency, efficiency, and accuracy, and to decrease secrecy and perceived bias? This thesis is a...
Topics: Terrorist Screening Database, Traveler Redress Inquiry Program, terror watchlist, Terrorist...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Henderson, Blake T.
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Creating ruses and planting false documents to deceive our adversaries is a tactic that has been used for a long time. Honeypots allow us to easily plant false data on information systems while we monitor what attackers access and download. This enables us to learn of a potential spy’s interests and intents, helping defenders decide how to concentrate their resources when protecting critical information networks. In this thesis, we used a content-based Web honeypot to monitor access to...
Topics: honeypot, electronic counterintelligence, deception, data theft
Naval Postgraduate School
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This research focuses on how to make better use of military financial statements, especially for internal decision makers, by introducing a new approach to weapon systems’ valuation and its appearance on balance sheets. This new approach aims to improve decision-making in the resource allocation of weapon systems. The author compares military balance sheets of several countries and identifies major flaws in two current primary valuation approaches: historical cost and fair value. These two...
Topics: financial statements, balance sheet, fair value approach, historical cost approach
Naval Postgraduate School
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Neural networks frequently face long training times based on the corpus of data available to them. Reinforcement learning in particular can take a long time to attain satisfactory performance. Recent efforts to incorporate deterministic logical rules and physical laws into a neural network have met with promising results. From an existing baseline neural network that is designed to learn Pong strictly from pixel representation of the game board, this thesis adds a ball trajectory-based...
Topics: neural networks, reinforcement learning, iterative distillation, deepmind, Atari Learning...
This thesis explores the motivations behind Bolivia’s refusal to sell natural gas to neighboring country Chile. It focuses on the backlash surrounding the 2003 Gas Wars and the non-cooperation that followed. Specifically, it analyzes two cases—in the 2000s and 1950s—when Bolivia successfully cooperated with Chile in the petroleum sector. While many scholars argue that rivalry has motivated Bolivia's decision to avoid cooperating with Chile, this thesis challenges that position. This...
Topics: natural gas, energy cooperation, Chile, Bolivia, rivalry
Naval Postgraduate School
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This thesis examines Israel's economic ascendance to one of the most technologically advanced states in the Middle East. The analysis reviews the immigration of Jews into Palestine and later Israel, the Israeli defense sector, relationships between Israel and key world powers, Israeli economic development, political evolution, and policy choices. The results show that a unique cocktail of high-quality immigrants, effective government reforms and subsidies, and technological innovation created...
Topics: Israel, Israeli economy, Israeli-European relations, Israeli-United States relations,...
In December 1979, the 40th Russian Army crossed the Amu River in support of the pro-communist regime in Afghanistan, but after a decade of war and stabilization efforts, Afghanistan nose-dived into instability. Ultimately, the Soviet Union withdrew, leaving behind a country facing a civil war. In 2001, a U.S.-led coalition of more than 40 countries entered Afghanistan and instated a liberal political regime as a stabilization measure. Yet, Afghanistan is still far from stability and peace. The...
Topics: Afghanistan, regime stabilization, state stabilization, state building, nation building, Afghan...
It is well documented that tornadoes are formed from a special breed of rotating thunderstorms called supercells, and that tornadogenesis is a result of several factors, one of which is the vertical stretching of low-level vorticity. Not as well understood are the factors that contribute to vertical acceleration of low-level vorticity in the updraft region of a supercell to support tornadogenesis. This paper examined the influence of combining both low-level shear and low-level static stability...
Topics: tornadoes, boundary layer, supercell, shear, static stability
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Mourad, Mourad
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The threat that emanates from violent extremism in the United States has shifted from large-scale networked cells to lone-wolf attackers. These violent extremists vary in ethnicity, race, age, religion, and motivations, and their path to radicalization is not linear. However, the majority of Department of Homeland Security programs designed to combat violent extremism still focus exclusively on the Muslim population and on community-based approaches. This thesis identifies two separate but...
Topics: risk assessment, behavior measures, community relations, CVE, law enforcement engagement,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Petrov, Timothy E.
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Since 2011, Ethiopia has forged ahead with plans to complete the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), a massive infrastructure project meant to bring much-needed electricity to the nation and to the region. Egypt opposes the initiative due to the perceived negative impacts associated with altering the flow of the Nile. Ethiopia has—up until now—acquiesced to Egyptian claims on the Nile, showcasing an inclination toward cooperation. With the GERD, however, Ethiopia is challenging...
Topics: Ethiopia, Egypt, Grand Ethiopia Renaissance Dam, GERD
Naval Postgraduate School
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Modeling and simulation methods for the seakeeping dynamics of surface vessels vary widely. Higher fidelity models often demand high computational complexity that limits application to offline computation and are not applicable to all development cycles. These models are often based on solving nonlinear fluid flow equations, which cost time and computational power. Simplified models can reduce complexity, supporting rapid development. For developing control and autonomy of small unmanned...
Topics: control systems, simulation, ROS, robotics, AEGIR, ocean waves
Naval Postgraduate School
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The Future Fleet Architecture team within OPNAV N9I is starting the creation of a fleet decision aid called the Architecture Integration Decision Aid (ArnDT). While containing various functional layers, this study will serve as a focused effort to make a recommendation for how to allocate resources in the development of the cost model to be utilized. Having researched various cost types, the best choice of model will be based on Total Ownership Cost framework. This study shall provide...
Topics: total ownership cost, total cost of ownership, OPNAV, fleet architecture, cost estimation, Naval...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Patria, Nicholas S.
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Aerial imagery of the rocky shoreline (RS) at Hopkins Marine Station in Pacific Grove, CA, was captured with an unmanned aerial vehicle. Imagery was georectified and post-processed to observe the surface flow of 2 persistent, stationary rip currents (rips) on the RS. Waves propagating toward the shoreline break as they interact with the irregular bathymetry. The collision of reflected waves in combination with a network of small feeder channels converge into a larger surge channel, directing a...
Topics: wave-swept surge channel, rip currents, unmanned aerial vehicle, rocky shoreline, foam, aerial...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Stafford, Scott
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This thesis investigates Albanian organized crime with a focus on the transnational crime of trafficking cannabis cultivated in Albania. It argues that the illicit cannabis market has flourished due to a difficult transition from communism to democracy, and efforts to combat the market, until recently, have been largely an afterthought by government officials. Additionally, organized crime has infiltrated portions of Albanian politics and its economy, which has had significant negative effects...
Topics: Albania, organized, crime, cannabis, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, NATO, United States,...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Tubbs, William D.
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Double diffusive convection through Arctic staircases has been shown to play a role in the melting of Arctic sea ice. However, there have been no studies exploring the effects of shear on these staircases. We simulated these staircases numerically in the presence of vertical shear to determine its effects on the heat flux and structure of the staircases. Results from this study imply the heat flux increases 20% to 30% above cases with no shear. Simulations yielded an unexpected result that,...
Topics: double diffusion, arctic staircases, heat flux, diffusive convection, Arctic Ocean modeling
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Nordhagen, Leif C.
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What are the advantages and disadvantages of pushing A-10 operations away from main operating bases (MOBs) in future operating environments? What are the critical requirements, risks, and challenges associated with operating from forward locations? The conventional U.S. Air Force understands that it will need to operate away from MOBs in future conflicts in order to project forward, remain tactically unpredictable, increase combat resiliency, and ultimately win. Research on non-traditional...
Topics: agile basing, austere basing, adaptive basing, FARP, FAARP, A-10, A2/AD environment, close air...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Hetteberg, Timothy J.
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During the Cold War, the Japanese Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) was heavily focused on defending Japan from a Soviet invasion and ensuring sea lines of communications (SLOC) were available for U.S. naval forces in the event of a major conflict. After the Cold War, the JMSDF had to adopt new missions based on the constantly changing threat environment. This thesis assesses how well the JMSDF responded to a variety of threats to Japan during each of the three decades since the end of the...
Topics: JMSDF, Japan, AEGIS, BMD, collective self defense, helicopter destroyer, peace operations, maritime...
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Taala, Jandrew
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Private armies and electoral violence are persistent phenomena in Philippine society. Together they have cost thousands of lives and sowed fear among politicians and voters alike, weakening democracy in the country. Defenders of private armies note their critical role in counterinsurgency operations against the communist and Muslim separatist groups. Nonetheless, Filipinos generally perceive private armies to be a menace, which has prompted the government to establish mechanisms to eliminate...
Topics: Philippines, private armies, Corazon Aquino, Benigno Aquino III, Ferdinand Marcos, Gloria Arroyo,...
Generating vertical atmospheric refractivity profiles from local radio frequency (RF) signals of opportunity is a technique known as refractivity from radio (RFR). The refractivity profiles from RFR provide information on surface-based and elevated ducts, which impacts the performance of radar, communications equipment, and other technology employing the electromagnetic (EM) spectrum. Refining the RFR technique is important for producing real-time environmental support. RFR was used during the...
Topics: electromagnetic propagation, atmospheric refractivity, surface-based duct, CASPER
Naval Postgraduate School
Dec 1, 2018 Beaudwin, Jason; Domondon, Rowell R.; Scott, Bradley M.; Shah, Bhavin J.; Shah, Kayur P.; Sikes, Christopher S.; Tchatchou, Cyprien N.
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U.S. K-12 institution school shootings have generated considerable public concern and nurtured a widespread impression that existing school safety and security measures currently in use are insufficient. This capstone demonstrates a systems engineering approach to analyze school system enhancements to counter the active shooter (AS) threat. We review school shooting case studies and stakeholder interviews to determine capability gaps in existing school systems. To do this, we use an inductive...
Topics: active shooter, active shooter threat, school shooting, system enhancements, K-12 school, systems...